By Ohiku Ohide Douglas
A monopoly on the vote.
Virtually every economist agrees that a company holding a monopoly is problematic for the economy. For one, it is able to suck up any corporation that threatens its existence. Thus, people are not given an alternative— they must buy from that company or not buy anything at all. Because there is no alternative, companies can sell whatever they want and do whatever they want. Innovation is stifled. Similarly, one party system stifles public sector innovation. Since people have no alternative, they are forced to abide by the policy of that party. Any competing party, and their innovative and reformative ideas, is crushed. As a result, areas that are under government control (the economy, for example); stagnate, as the government is unable to implement innovative policy that could potentially transform the sector. Parties are immune to any change if the public doesn’t want change, and thus can do what they please. Most one party systems often have a single party that acts recklessly, since they are sure that the electorate will vote for them regardless of what they do (see India under Congress rule, 1947-1977 and 1980-1996) This facilitates corruption.
Now the big questions is are we gearing towards a one party system?
So many may think no! But take a second look at the just concluded general election and its after math, the mass exodus of members from other parties, thereby making it seems as if we have found a new heaven on earth. The evil of this is the other of the day where we cannot stand up to say no to policies that are not favorable to the masses. Now we should begin to think outside the box and avoid steps that could take us to a more conscious state of one party system so we don’t bring further plague to the country, because now, the immune system of our economy is getting week by the day.
A one party system can be out of touch with the people.
As stated above, one party system has a single party that holds a monopoly on the electorate; they kill (often literally) any and all competition, which can include the people. In more authoritarian systems, the people are prevented from stating anything that is contradictory to what the government is implementing. As a result, people are left out of the decision making process, and the government stays out of touch with their demands. This has direct consequences. An irritable and rebellious public will often resort to drastic means to have their voice heard. A conservative public will often let the party do what they want. The party will continue to implement its vision, or its idea of what it believes is right for the people. This vision may be wrong and can negatively affect the public.
Reasons for the Colonization of Africa
There were many reasons for the colonization of Africa, including economic, political, and religious motives. Probably the most important was economic, as a result of recession and depression which was occurring in Europe. Countries like Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, other powers were losing money, and Africa appeared to be a way out of the depression. To make money out of Africa, Europeans used its many raw goods. They hoarded oil, ivory, rubber, palm oil, wood, cotton, and gum (for paper). Because of cheap African labor, these materials were easily acquired. These materials could possibly spark a financial boom in Europe. The industrial revolution was also making progress, making these goods of utmost importance. The three major motives for the colonization (economics, political rivalries/nationalism, and religious proselytism) converged during the 1800’s and propelled Europe to colonize Africa.
However if the Europeans saw it as a necessity to build, enhance and develop their various countries through colonizing African nations, exploring our man power and natural resources, just to have a stable economy and a great deal of political strength, which was actually realized and actualized, why can’t we have our own different kind of colonialism? Our leaders should look inward and have a grip of all our natural resources, invest in various sectors and see to it that they are functional.
Agriculture the big name:
Now, that Nigeria is in recession and has discovered the need to go into agriculture whether local or mechanized, our sincere drive of it will determine when and how soon we will be out of this economic paralysis. The government should see the agricultural sector as one that needs to be colonized explore and utilized to help Nigeria get out of the present economic challenges we are facing. The government should go as far as the grass root to empower farmers and encourage farming by providing every necessary farming implement, tools and machine needed for farming, after which set up factories for production of raw produce into finished products. Agriculture should be given so much attention as it can be the way out just as colonization of Africa was the way out for Europeans when their economy was bad.